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Governor Cuomo Signs Into Law Anti-Subrogation Bill, Amending NYS GOB §5-335

By November 13, 2013April 22nd, 2022No Comments
Exterior of Supreme Court building

There is some important news out of Albany: yesterday Governor Cuomo signed a bill (S5715A; A7828) amending the New York anti-subrogation law (General Obligations Law § 5-335). The new law, sponsored by NYS Assemblywoman Helene Weinstein (A.7828) and State Senator John Bonacic (S.5715), is aimed to eliminate the holding of the case of Wurtz v. Rawlings Co., LLC, 2013 WL1248631 (E.D.N.Y. 2013), which held that §5-335 was preempted as it applies to insured employee benefit plans under ERISA. The legislative intent of the bill is quite clear:

The instant legislation is intended to make clear the original purpose of sections 5-101 and 5-335 of the general obligations law which is to ensure that insurers will not be able to claim or access any monies paid in settlement of a tort claim whether by way of a lien, a reimbursement claim, subrogation, or otherwise so that the burden of paying for health care services, disability payments, lost wage payments or any other benefits for the victims of torts will be borne by the insurer and not any party to a settlement of such a victim’s tort claim. This law is specifically directed toward entities engaged in providing health insurance, thus falling under the “savings” clause contained in ERISA, which reserves to the states the right and the ability to regulate insurance.

The passage of this law should prevent health insurers from intervening in pending litigation or asserting a claim for reimbursement, which impedes the resolution of cases. There are a few important points to consider:

  1. The term “benefit provider” is removed and replaced with “Insurer” to make clear that this law specifically applies to insurance and is thus saved by the ERISA savings clause.
  2. The terms “plaintiffs” and “defendants” have been removed and replaced with “Persons.” Prior, there was a question as to whether the law applied to cases that were resolved without commencing an action (thus, there were no plaintiffs and defendants). This change makes it clear that the law will apply to all cases regardless of whether an action has been commenced.
  3. The previous law had an exception for “statutory rights of reimbursement,” which was clearly intended to apply to Medicare, Medicaid, Workers’ Compensation, and other statutes which provided a right of reimbursement. The Wurtz case interpreted that ERISA reimbursement claims are statutory and thus excepted from the application of § 5-335. Instead of “statutory rights of reimbursement” generally, the new law removes that language and specifically calls out Medicare, Medicaid, Workers’ Compensation, and Article 51 of the Insurance Law.
  4. The law is effective immediately and applies to all settlements entered on or after November 12, 2009.

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